Teens and sex: Protecting your teen’s sexual health and fitness

Teens and sex can be a risky blend. Discover out how to talk to your teenager about abstinence and contraception.

By Mayo Clinic Staff members

Couple mom and dad want to deal with the thought that their teenagers are getting sex — but investigation displays that many teenagers are sexually lively by high college, potentially putting by themselves at hazard of being pregnant and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). When it will come to teenagers and sex, the important is discussing the importance of contraception right before sexual exercise commences.

Discuss about secure sex with your teenager even if he or she identifies as homosexual. He or she could even now interact in heterosexual activities, and is at hazard of STIs regardless of the partner with whom he or she engages in sexual exercise.

Selling abstinence

When broaching the matter of teenagers and sex, it really is never ever too late to talk about abstinence. No matter whether you feel strongly that sex right before marriage is improper or you only want your teenager to postpone sex until he or she is extra experienced, describe your inner thoughts to your teenager. If you share the reasons behind your beliefs, your teenager could be extra possible to have an understanding of and adopt your values.

Also check with your teenager to assume about his or her individual values and hopes for the long run — and look at how sex could possibly have an impact on them. Describe that:

  • Teens and sex can be a risky blend
  • There are many nonsexual ways he or she can display inner thoughts for someone
  • The only guaranteed way to stop teenager being pregnant and STIs, this kind of as chlamydia, gonorrhea, human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes and HIV, is to abstain from sex — oral, vaginal and anal

Talking about start command possibilities

Comprehension start command solutions is an critical life skill for everybody. No matter whether your teenager decides to have sex or hold out, make guaranteed your teenager appreciates how to stop being pregnant and safeguard himself or herself from sexually transmitted infections.

Condoms

Stress the importance of generally applying condoms throughout sex, even if your teenager is applying a next type of contraception.

  • Dependable and appropriate use of condoms is the most efficient way for sexually lively teenagers to safeguard by themselves from sexually transmitted infections.
  • Condoms support stop being pregnant.

Prescription start command

Different prescription contraceptives can support stop teenager being pregnant. The American Faculty of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourages adolescents to look at extended-performing reversible contraception to start with — including intrauterine equipment and contraceptive implants — as these possibilities are extremely efficient with very little considered essential.

Prescription start command possibilities that support stop teenager being pregnant incorporate:

  • Intrauterine equipment (Mirena, Skyla, Paragard)
  • A contraceptive implant (Nexplanon)
  • Mixture start command drugs
  • The contraceptive patch (Xulane)
  • The vaginal ring (NuvaRing)
  • The contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera)

Your teenager will need to have to see a doctor to get a prescription for these sorts of contraceptives. In advance of scheduling the appointment, locate out if she would favor to see a woman doctor.

Describe to your teenager that the doctor possible will:

  • Assessment healthcare background
  • Go about the risks and advantages of various sorts of start command

The doctor will also perform a pelvic examination if your teenager chooses an intrauterine contraception strategy.

Make guaranteed your teenager understands that prescription start command is just not a substitution for condoms. Prescription start command assists stop being pregnant, but it won’t offer you safety from sexually transmitted infections.

Unexpected emergency start command

Describe to your teenager that it really is generally a excellent thought to make a selection about start command right before getting sex. On the other hand, emergency contraception — this kind of as the early morning-following tablet levonorgestrel (Plan B A person-Stage, Up coming Selection A person Dose, Take Action) or ulipristal (ella) — can support stop being pregnant if your teenager won’t approach in advance or contraception fails.

  • Plan B A person-Stage is readily available about-the-counter without the need of a prescription.
  • Up coming Selection A person Dose and Take Action, are readily available about-the-counter for these age 17 and older and by prescription for ladies more youthful than age 17.
  • Ella is readily available only with a prescription from your doctor or health and fitness treatment service provider.

Make guaranteed your teenager understands that emergency contraception must be began as quickly as doable following unprotected intercourse. The faster the drugs are taken, the extra possible they are to be efficient, while they could be taken up to five days (a hundred and twenty hours) following unprotected intercourse.

All-natural household preparing

If use of contraception goes from your values, you could possibly look at talking to your teenager about organic household preparing, which will involve abstaining from sex throughout a woman’s most fertile days.

Maintain this in mind:

  • All-natural household preparing solutions are not as efficient as prescription start command and really don’t offer you safety from sexually transmitted infections.
  • Successful use of organic household preparing solutions involves diligence and preparing — and teenager sex is often unplanned.
  • Teenager ladies commonly have irregular menstrual cycles, which can make it tricky to assess fertility signs.

Really don’t be fearful that talking to your teenager about contraception will motivate him or her to have sex. Your teenager is possible curious about sex and contraception, irrespective of whether or not you carry up the matter. By currently being open up and genuine, you can support your teenager make educated selections and act extra responsibly when he or she decides to have sex — irrespective of whether it really is now or a long time in the long run.

If you’re getting difficulty talking to your teenager about contraception, check with your teen’s doctor for support. He or she could offer you information on how to talk to your teenager and correctly remedy thoughts about contraception.

Encouraging responsible conduct

Teens could deficiency the maturity to properly and regularly use sure sorts of contraception. If your teenager is wondering about applying prescription start command, make guaranteed to describe the subsequent to support her pick a strategy:

  • Frequency of use and usefulness. For occasion, blend start command drugs need to have to be taken at the exact same time each and every working day, when NuvaRing is worn for a few months at a time.
  • Tracking doctor’s appointments and start command use. Describe the importance of preserving observe of doctor’s appointments and focus on how to create start command use aspect of her program — this kind of as by getting a every day blend start command tablet at the exact same time your teenager receives ready for bed.
  • Skipped doses. Make guaranteed your daughter understands what to do if she misses a dose or suspects that she could be pregnant.

If your teenager is contemplating getting to be sexually lively, you could possibly also give useful ideas — this kind of as preserving condoms in a wallet or purse. Describe to your teenager that use of liquor and other medicines could have an impact on his or her judgment and improve the hazard of contracting a sexually transmitted infection.

The base line

Speaking about sex and contraception with your teenager is just not easy. On the other hand, your assistance can support your teenager make educated selections that support safeguard his or her sexual health and fitness.